Despite their growing numbers - 1.2 billion of the world's population is now aged 15 to 24 - young people are often excluded from (decent and paid) work and decision-making. Young people in the rural areas of Ethiopia, Bangladesh, Pakistan and Indonesia all face similar challenges. Lack of economic opportunities, worsened by the impact of climate change and weak governance, drives them into already overcrowded and stressed urban centers. This threatens the future viability of rural areas, and food security.
Many of these problems entrench women in poverty. Social norms confine young women to lowly paid economic roles that do not provide opportunities to ‘escape’ poverty and that perpetuate harmful gender stereotypes. The unfair distribution of household work undermines women's economic and lifestyle choices. A lack of sexual and reproductive health rights further limits women’s economic opportunities and empowerment.
A lack of voice results in policy and practice that do not reflect youth's situation and does little to lift them out of poverty.
The inability to adapt to climate change holds back families from advancing out of poverty. It limits agricultural productivity and income, destroys family assets, encourages migration and the subsequent break up of families.
The lack of professional support and financial services for small businesses limits the development of SMEs which means that the number of jobs that are available for youth are limited, and it limits the opportunities for youth, with entrepreneurial ability, to use that ability to lift themselves and their families out of poverty.
Below you will find 3 long-term outcomes with the short-term outcomes.
1. Young women and men use their agency, soft and market-led technical skills.
- Young women and men are part of well functioning, sustainable youth groups
- Through quality training, young women and men gain soft and technical skills demanded by employers
- Young women and men gain entrepreneurship skills in line with market opportunities
2. Young women and men benefit from new or improved employment or entrepreneurship opportunities
- New climate-resilient micro-enterprises established (start-ups)
- Young entrepreneurs and existing youth-friendly enterprises obtain access to fair, affordable finance
- Improved business and social performance within existing micro, small and medium enterprises
- Young women and men in rural climate-affected areas are linked to employment or entrepreneurship opportunities
3. Enabling environment for young women and men’s social and economic empowerment promoted
- Gender-based violence and discrimination reduced in public and private spaces
- Care and domestic responsibilities are recognized, redistributed and reduced at household level
- Sexual and reproductive health barriers inhibiting young women’s economic empowerment are addressed
- Government adopts policies or practices directed at young women and men’s social and economic empowerment
1) Young women and men are part of well functioning, sustainable youth groups
We expand or create youth groups and networks that support leadership building, life skills, awareness of rights including labor rights and the strengthened voice of youth.
Through quality training, young women and men gain soft and technical skills demanded by employers
We work with training providers, youth and the private sector to develop new youth friendly training modules based on market demand.
Young women and men gain entrepreneurship skills in line with market opportunities
Oxfam and partners will provide entrepreneurship training.
2) New climate-resilient micro-enterprises established (start-ups)
Young entrepeneurs will be paired with mentors in order to establish climate resilience micro enterprices.
Sexual and reproductive health barriers inhibiting young women’s economic empowerment are addressed
We support young women’s social and political leadership and collective action, -
e.g. on wages and social protection, climate change and SRH.
Government adopts policies or practices directed at young women and men’s social and economic empowerment
We support young organisations to (jointly) advocate for young people's economic or social empowerment in order to get new youth-friendly policies or guide- lines introduced by the government.
- See more at: http://www.oxfamnovib.nl/english/about-oxfam/projects-and-programs/empower-youth-for-work!#sthash.7fY1Y80L.dpuf
Press release on new IKEA Foundation and Oxfam Novib partnership (Dutch)
Oxfam - Even it Up! Youth Inequality report
Oxfam Policy Brief: Youth Influencing Policies in the 21st Century
Oxfam Youth Influencing Policies in the 21st Century - Literature Review, D Shephard